Video poems by Stephen Humphrey and Sarah Peebles
Wild, solitary-dwelling bees of Toronto create nests, manipulate pollen and hang out in the “Audio Bee Booth” and other amplified habitat structures. Macro video with micro audio!
Macro video and poetry by Stephen Humphrey
Audio Bee Booth by Sarah Peebles
Created in co-ordination with the Toronto Zoo, CANPOLIN, and Laurence Packer’s wild bee lab (York University), 2010 – 2011.
Leafcutter bee (Megachile relativa) “Gracie” builds a brood cell
August 14, 2010
Ode to Gracie
She buries gold and progeny in little
Mayan cigars. She spins slow circles
to place each bitten green sheet.
Her hind twitches like a frantic leaf.
Serrated jaws quiver, and quiver.
This energetic leafcutter bee (Megachile relativa) fashions oblong strips neatly cut from leaves into a brood cell where she will assemble a ball of pollen and lays a white, peanut-shaped egg. You can see her positioning leaf material like strips of wallpaper and chewing these along their edges with her serrated jaws (mandibles) so they stick better in place. Towards the end of the video she rejects a leaf strip for this brood cell.
“Gracie” (Megachile relativa) cleans house
August 14, 2010
Another Ode to Gracie
She dances upside down, scampers
sideways, flies backwards. Her dark
leathery body forgets gravity. Bright
gold hairs on her belly shout, “This
two-week life: my only time to spark!”
I named this bee Gracie because of her strange, skittish, almost ditzy habits. She’d leap from tunnel to tunnel, spin in circles, rub herself against walls, rush in with leaf parts only to reject them afterward. Am I anthropomorphizing? Yes.
“Mary-Jane”(Hoplitis spoliata) builds cell and rolls a pollen ball
June 17, 2010
Ode to Mary-Jane
She fashions living paste into green
walls, her whole body a trowel,
each chamber a jade capsule
to transport orphaned daugthers
to next spring and solitude.
Unlike Gracie, Mary Jane, a single mother from the species Hoplitis spoliata, looks like a total straight-arrow. She makes continuous back-and-forth trips to supply her growing brood. First we see Mary-Jane fashion chewed-up leaves into a bullet-shaped cell. Next we see her rolling pollen into a neat little ball, tamping it with her abdomen. This globe of protein-filled pollen is enough of a meal to take a brand new Hoplitis from larva to full-grown bee.
(No audio for this clip.)
“Olive” and “Olivia” in: A tale of two resin bees (Megachile companularum)
July 18, 2010
This one has the sticky work of resin,
sculpting slow teardrops, reshaping
globules of amber. The sun goes
down on her labour. Long light
seeps through walls like dark beer.
Resin-collecting bees are late workers among bee-kind. They labour well past bedtime for most bees building solitary nest cells of sticky resin from nearby plants. This clip features two different bees in front and back of Sarah Peebles’ house. Olive uses resin that is nearly transparent while Olivia uses dark brown resin the shade of beer bottle glass. Their methods are the same as they create tiny, safe capsules for their offspring to grow in. Full-sized bees will chew their way out the following spring.
“Dexter Greenbody” in: Preening Agepostemon Bee, the Sequel
September 1, 2010
Ode to Dexter
He can’t recognize his own reflection,
but he still knows he’s handsome
as he preens his sleekmetallic self.
Meanwhile the females are
all below ground, forgetting him.
Agepostemon viricens is one of the most good-looking bee species, and this male Agepostemon must know it, considering how much time he spends grooming himself. For the second time in Resonating Bodies history a male Agepostemon bee has dropped by one of our habitats to hang out. See last year’s video by Kevin Steele.
About This Bee Block
This little block of wood and plexiglas was a busy place for bees over the summer of 2010. Three upper rows contain the remnants of cells built of dark resin by yet another member of the species Megachile companularum.
The row of transparent cells along the bottom row were made by the tiny, almost hairless masked (Hylaeus) bee.
Mary-Jane, the Hoplitis bee also made an appearance. She built a single cell of masticated leaves. Her intention, it seems, was to block emerging Hylaeus brood from getting out.
Hylaeus block Spring, 2011 (above). We can see that this block looks mostly the same as it did in the Fall, except that the very small Hylaeus (a/k/a masked bee) in the bottom bore have transformed from white larva to white pupa. With a magnifying lens we can see that they look exactly as adult bees, but opaque (select image to enlarge). We’ll soon have some time-lapse video from Packer lab student Veronica Ladico showing them darkening up and chewing out in the subsequent 10 days! These bees are tiny – you can see a photo of some emerging from bamboo at Bee Biodiversity.
We carefully poked a hole through Mary-Jane’s cell blocking the masked bees. Sadly, only about 3 of them emerged – the other 5 were found dead in the cell. A mystery.
2011 – 2012:
Macro video footage of various bee species’ nest-building activities will be examined by members of Laurence Packer’s wild bee lab at York University for a potential research paper. They will review video taken at Audio Bee Booths and blocks by Stephen Humphrey (Toronto locations and Kamisak Bee Lodge in Beaver Creek, Alberta, 2010, 2011); and video by Veronica Vladico from two of the booths in Ontario (2011, 2012).
Some of the above videos were made at The Audio Bee Booth prototype, hosted by the Toronto Zoo Education Branch, Summer 2010.
Technical assistance provided by Robert Cruickshank; bee nesting audio
plank fabricated John Kuisma; bee booth fabricated by Patrick Ellard.
Read more about Bee Biodiversity, Amplified Habitat Installations, how
to build your own Solitary Dream Home for bees and more at this site:
see Contents at the side bar to the right.
Stephen Humphrey thanks the Ontario Arts Council and Chalmers Foundation for their generous support.